• Professions and organizations: A European perspective 

        Original Research Article
  • Pages 1-6
    David M. Brock, Mike Saks
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    Abstract

    This article surveys the literature from two complementary traditions on understanding professions in organizations – namely, the sociological analysis of professions and the more managerialist organizational theory. Notwithstanding their strong North American roots, these strands are brought together to provide a blended European perspective on professions in organizations based on the now dominant and interrelated neo-Weberian and neo-institutionalist theories. Initially centering on North American roots, it is noted that the European literature deriving from this blended theoretical base has been mushrooming in recent years. The range of issues addressed by this research is highlighted with reference to a number of specific professional groups in Europe. We then focus on a cohesive case study on the professions and organizations in healthcare, to which so much attention has been given by researchers in this field.

  • Organizational zemblanity 

         Original Research Article
  • Pages 7-21
  • Luca Giustiniano, Miguel Pina e Cunha, Stewart Clegg
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  • Abstract

    We introduce the concept of zemblanity to organization studies to refer to the enactment of disaster when, in systems designed to impede risk, key actors nonetheless construct their own misfortune. The case of the Costa Concordia provides an opportunity to discuss organizational zemblanity. Active as well as passive behaviours by the Costa Concordia's Captain created a vicious circle of inappropriate decision-making with traumatic effects. These were complemented by structural elements to be found both in the individual behaviours of others (mainly, the vessel's first line of command) and the lack of other effective organizational controls, both in terms of structures and routines. As our discussion illuminates, there are two overarching elements in play: an excess of individual discretion and a lack of proper organizational controls. We go on to consider the significant implications for both theory and practice that flow from our analysis.

    Corporate governance and strategic human resource management: Four archetypes and proposals for a new approach to corporate sustainability   Original Research Article
    Pages 22-35
    Graeme Martin, Elaine Farndale, Jaap Paauwe, Philip G. Stiles
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    Abstract

  • In this paper we develop a new typology connecting strategic human resource management (SHRM) to different models of firm-level corporate governance. By asking questions concerning ownership and control issues in the corporate governance literature and drawing on institutional logics, we build a typological framework that identifies four firm-level archetypes of corporate governance systems. Two archetypes represent dominant logic types (shareholder value, communitarian stakeholder), while the other two represent hybrid organizations (enlightened shareholder value, employee-ownership). Using these archetypes, we theorize the implications of different governance structures for SHRM and the challenges they pose. We conclude by discussing a novel solution to many of these challenges based on the corporate sustainability literature, and, in so doing, provide new directions for SHRM research to tackle key challenges facing organizations and the management of people.

    Revisiting the link between mission statements and organizational performance in the non-profit sector: The mediating effect of organizational commitment   Original Research Article
    Pages 36-46
    Isabel Maria Macedo, José Carlos Pinho, Anabela Martins Silva
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    Abstract

    Although mission statements are widely adopted as an important strategic tool, their effective influence on organizational performance are not firmly established due to a lack of consistent results in relevant literature. To shed light on this relationship, the present study proposes a model to examine the mediating role of organizational commitment in explaining and clarifying the mission-performance link. Another merit of this paper is to consider mission as a formative construct.Adopting a quantitative methodological approach, this study reports findings obtained from a representative sample of 112 non-profit health care organizations operating in Portugal. Our findings clearly demonstrate that the relationship between mission statements and organizational performance is better understood if the influence of organizational commitment, as a mediating variable of the aforementioned relationship, is taken into account. This study concludes by discussing conceptual contributions, limitations and possible future research avenues.

    Employee eco-initiatives and the workplace social exchange network    Original Research Article
    Pages 47-58
    Nicolas Raineri, Jorge Humberto Mejía-Morelos, Virginie Francoeur, Pascal Paillé
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to test a workplace social exchange network model of employee eco-initiatives in which high-quality relationships with the organization, the supervisor, and the coworkers, influence suggestions for constructive change toward the environment. Data were obtained from 449 university-educated Mexican employees working in the service industry. In contrast with recent research, we found that social exchanges with the organization and the supervisor were not linked to eco-initiatives, at least not directly, when controlled for social exchange with the coworkers. However, the results indicate that the quality of peer relationships mediates influences of the broader social and psychological context represented by the organization and the supervisor. These findings and their implications for theory and practice are discussed.

    Effect of economic animosity on consumer ethnocentrism and product-country images. A binational study on the perception of Germany during the Euro crisis   Original Research Article
    Pages 59-68
    Alessandro De Nisco, Giada Mainolfi, Vittoria Marino, Maria Rosaria Napolitano
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    Abstract

    During the recent Euro crisis, Germany's push for austerity has prompted resurgence in anti-German sentiment in some European nations. This study contributes to the literature on consumer animosity, ethnocentrism and country of origin effect by proposing a comprehensive model that analyses: a) the relationship between economic animosity towards a foreign nation and consumer ethnocentrism and b) their mutual effect on the perception of the general image of a country perceived as hostile, the evaluation of the products associated with that country (product beliefs) and the foreign product acceptance (product receptivity). The research model has been tested on a sample of Italian and Spanish graduate students with regard to the image of Germany. Results show that economic animosity does not affect the perceived level of either general country image or product beliefs, but it is negatively associated with product receptivity. This study also supports the relationship between economic animosity and consumer ethnocentrism; thus, consumers that feel anger towards a foreign country will favor domestic products, avoiding foreign ones. Based on results, the paper concludes with a discussion of theoretical and managerial implications and provides suggestions for further research.

    Peer review motivation frames: A qualitative approach    Original Research Article
    Pages 69-79
    Monica Aniela Zaharie, Codruţa Luminiţa Osoian
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    Abstract

    There is an ongoing need to support high-quality research publications that requires a greater emphasis on the role of the peer review process. The difficulties faced by editors in finding committed reviewers and in avoiding delayed review reports, as well as the frequency of failure in manuscript error detection, all stress the need to identify incentive strategies that will ensure high-quality peer reviews. Based on a qualitative approach, this paper explores referees' decision frames when reviewing, the characteristics of the review behaviour, and the associated benefits and costs. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 42 journal referees. The results highlight the motivating factors that affect the decision to review, or not to review. Two motivation frames-of-reference were identified: that of a prospective member of the scientific community focused on self-achievement vs. that of a member of the scientific community focused on the group. Different situational cues activate a particular frame: the match between reviewer's expertise and the manuscript topic, the identification with the scientific community, and the quality of the journal. The findings suggest strategies able to minimize referees' perceived costs when reviewing. This research sheds new light on the strategies that have the potential to boost the peer review process.

    Balancing absorptive capacity and inbound open innovation for sustained innovative performance: An attention-based view    Original Research Article
    Pages 80-90
    Bongsun Kim, Eonsoo Kim, Nicolai J. Foss
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    Abstract

    How can a firm develop new ideas and turn them into profitable innovations on a sustained basis? We address this fundamental issue in a novel way by developing an integrative framework of absorptive capacity (AC) and inbound open innovation that is rooted in the attention-based view of the firm. We specifically address why a balance between open and closed innovation is important from the perspective of absorptive capacity, and show how it may be brought about. Pursuing either open or closed inbound innovation alone may result in an imbalance between potential AC and realized AC as well as inward-looking AC and outward-looking AC, which will hinder innovative performance. We argue that practicing open and closed inbound innovation repeatedly and alternately by switching organizational attentions, and thus developing the associated AC, can facilitate balancing absorptive capacity and lead to innovative performance.